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E commerce Kya Hai A to Z Puri Jankari

E commerce Kya Hai A to Z Puri Jankari
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E commerce websites jaise amazon, flipkart, ebay etc se koi saman online kharidte waqut kai logo ke man me yah sawal hota hai ki  e commerce kya hai to aaj ham ecommerce se jude sabhi sawalo ke jawab lekar is post ko likh rahe hai jisme aapko e commerce se relades sabhi jankari milegi. jaise e commerce kya hai? m commerce kya hai? e commerce websites kya hoti hai? e commerce ka itihas. india me ecommerce ki suruwat kaise hui,  ecommerce ke prakar, ecommerce ke parts, e commerce ke fayde aur nuksan, india ki best ecommerce sites, and best ecommerce plateform and etc bate jo aap is post me padhoge.

Ecommerce Kya Hai

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e commerce industry aaj duniya ka sabse famous business industry ban chuki hai aur  is industry me bahut paisa hai aur yahi wajah hai ki kai sare log apna business e commerce industry me karna chahate hai. par kisi bhi business ki suruwat karne se pahile aapko us business ki puri jankari bhi hona chahaiye. aur aaj ki yah post padhkar aap itna to samaj hi jaoge e commerce kya hai ?

E commerce Kya Hai

e commerce is shabdh ka aap sabse pahile to full form jan lijiye. e commerce ka full form hai Electronic Commerce.

e commerce ka matlab hai online kisi bhi services ya products ko sell karna. ecommerce internet ke jariye online business karne ka tarika hai. internet ke jariye provide ki gai services aur saman ki kharidi aur bikri ko hi e commerce kehte hai.

ecommerce ko “E Business” ya “Electronic Business” bhi kaha jata hai aur wo stores Jo online product sell karte hai unhe estore ya ecommerce store bhi kaha jata hai. Jaise Amazon, Flipkart, Walmart etc yah sabhi ecommerce store/estore hai.

M Commerce Kya Hai

M commerce ka full form hai Mobile Commerce.

Mobile Commerce Kya Hai

computer, laptop ke badle ab log jyada mobile phones and tablets jaise chote device ka use karne lage hai aur isi wajah se log ab computers, laptops ke badle mobile se online shopping karna pasand karte hai.

aur ek research me yah pata chala hai ki 55% log online shopping mobile se karna pasand karte hai.

mcommerce  cellular telephone aur personal digital assistants (PDAs) ya tablets jaise vayral handheld devices ke jariye online samano ki aur services ki kharidi aur bikri karna hai.

mcommerce ko ecommerce ki agli pidhi ke rup me jana jatha hai mcommerce users ko kahi bhi kisi bhi jagah computers, pc ke bina mobiles ke jariye online kharidi karne deta hai.

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E commerce Websites Kya Hoti Hai

E commerce websites un portal ko kehte hai jaha se aap aur ham saman ya services kharidte hai. yani wo websites jaha par saman lisit hote hai aur ham unhe order karte hai.

is website par paise online transaction jaise paytm, paypal, debit card, credit card ect… se diye jate hai.

starting me e commerce business phones ya emails se kiya jata tha par dhire dhire websites ki suruwat ki wajah se ise website ke rup me badal diya gaya aur ab e commerce business sirf website ke jariye hi kiya jata hai.

E commerce ka Itihas, Ecommerce History

E commerce ki suruwat aur iska idea sabse pahile 1979 me “Mechael Aldrich” ke TV ko telephone line se computer se connect karne se aaya tha. ab aap soch rahe hoge yaha se kaise idea aaya. par yahi se bina shop par jaye computer se online shopping idea ka janm huva.

fir kuch salo baad 1994 me Jeff Bezos ne first ecommerce website amazon ki suruwat ki jispar starting me online E-Books sell ki jati thi. aur amazon ne pahile sal me hi 10 lakhs e-books online bech di. isse jeff bezos ko idea aaya ki yah business feature me kafi popular hoga isliye unhone amazon ko sirf e-book seller company tak hi simit na rakhte huve use ek bade e commerce company ka rup de ne ki sochi aur wo isme safal bhi huve aur aaj ham sab jante hai amazon.com world ki top e commerce company hai aur iski suruwat karne wale iske malik jeff bezos aaj world ke sabse jyada amir vyakti ban chuke hai jinki kul networth aaj 150 billion dollars ke aas paas hai.

fir 1995 me computer aane ki wajah se ecommerce shops me logo ki ruchi badhne lagi. aur ab log jyada online shopping karna pasand karne lage par payments getaway na hone ki wajah se e commerce companies ko customers ke saman kharidne par unse cheque lena padta tha.

fir 1998 me “Elon Musk” ne paypal company ki suruwat ki jisse online transaction karna asan ho gaya. aur isse e commerce business paypal ke jariye online payment accept karne lage jisse logo ko asani hone lagi aur e commerce business badhne laga.

fir 1990 se 1998 tak ebay aur amazon ke aane se e commerce business me krantikari badlav aaye. aur ab customers kisi bhi chiz ko online kharidne lage.

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India Me E commerce Ki Suruwat Kaise Hui, Indian Ecommerce History

india me e commerce ki suruwat 2002 me IRCTC ke suru hone se hui thi. jispar ham railway ticket booking kar sakte hai.

iske baad 2003 se indian airlines ne bhi online airplane tickets booking services ki suriwat ki. fir dhire dhire jitne bhi airlines companies thi sab online airplane ticket booking services ki suruwat karne lage.

isse logo ka train tickets and airplane tickets booking karne ka samay bhi bachne laga aur sath hi agents ko dene ke paise bhi bachne lage.

aur aaj india me booking services ki itni jyada demand hai ki yatr, and bookmyshow jaise bade company’s par aaj har chiz ki booking kar sakte hai.

asliyat me india me real ecommerce ki suruwat 2007 me Flipkart ke starting se hui thi. fir dhire dhire baki e commerce companies jaise amazon, ebay, snapdeal, jabong bhi india me aaye aur india me bhi e commerce business me logo ki ruchi badhne lagi. ab wo samay aa chuka tha jab india me bhi har chiz online bikana suru ho chuki thi.

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E commerce Ke Prakar Kitne Hai ? Types of Ecommerce

1] Business To Consumer [B2C]

ecommerce ke is business type me len den business aur consumer ke bich me hoti hai isliye ise B2C kaha jata hai. isme business consumer ko sidhe product provide karte hai aur jyadatar e-commerce isi type par hota hai jaise : Amazon, Flipkart etc.

2] Consumer To Business [C2B]

yah prakar B2C ka ulta hai isme len den consumer and business ke bich me hota hai. isliye ise C2B kaha jata hai.

Example : aap consumer ho aur aapko hosting kharidni hai yani aapki hosting ki demand hai aur hostagator jaisi hosting business company consumer ko sahi rate me hosting provide karti hai yani consumer kisi chiz ki demand karta hai aur koi company wo demand puri karti hai. ise hi consumer to business [C2B] kaha jata hai.

3] Business To Business [B2B]

is type me ek company se dusre company ke bichme kiye len den ko yani ek business se dusre business me kiye gaye len den ko B2B kehte hai yadi koi company khud ka product nahi banati hai aur kisi company se products ko kharidkar bechti hai to yah business to business [B2B] type me aata hai. business to business ke liye aap 1 ya 2 products nahi kharid sakte ho iske liye aapko bulk me products kharidna padta hai. aur seller ki jo requirements hoti hai uske mutabik hi product diye jaate hai. jaise india mart, alibaba, trade india yah e commerce companies 1 – 2 products na dekar sidhe bulk me products provide karte hai.

4] Consumer To Consumer [C2C]

is type me consumer hi consumer ko product bhechta hai iska example olx, quiker and ebay jaise estore hai jispar ek vyakti apna product list karta hai aur dusra vyakti use kharidta hai.

5] Business To  Government [B2G]

ecommerce ke is type me business aur government ke bichme kiye gaye sabhi len den shamil hote hai. yah ek aisi jagh hai jahapar badi matra me aur alag alag trah ki services provide ki jati hai. ise business to government B2G ke alava business to administration B2A bhi kaha jata hai.

6] Government To Business [C2G]

isme consumers aur government ke bich me len den hota hai. jise tax bharna, government dwara provide ki gai services ke paise bharna jaise chize isme shamil hoti hai.

to yah the e commerce ke prakar.aur inhi prakar ke upar e commerce buainess chalta hai.

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E commerce Business Ke 2 Parts Hai

1] Retail Ecommerce

yani retail commerce support karne wale website se customer 1 ya 1 se jyada products purchase kar sakta hai.

2] Whole Sale Ecommerce

yani jo website whole sale ecommerce support karti hai un website se customers ko bulk me produts purchase karna padta hai. aise websites 1 ya 1 se jyada products sell nahi karte hai.

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E commerce Ke Fayde Kya Hai

ecommerce ya estore ke kai sare fayde hai jise niche bataya gaya hai.

1] Globally Audience.

ecommerce ke jariye duniya ke kisi bhi jagah se kharedi aur bikri ki ja sakti hai jisse products pure world jyada se jyada audience tak pahuchta hai

2] Product Choice.

E commerce business me ek jagah par hi bahut sare seller hote hai aur is wajah se isme hame ek jagah par hi bahut sare products mil jate hai jisme se ham apne pasand ka koi bhi product choice karke purchase kar sakte hai.

3] Kam Kimat Me Saman.

yaha par hame kam kimat me saman mil jate hai kyoki e commerce companies ko products banane vali companies sidhe product provide karte hai jiise bich ke dealer ka commision bachta hai aur yaha par compitition high hone ki wajah se kam kimat me saman mil jata hai.

4] Kabhi Bhi Shoping Kar Sakte Hai.

ham sab jante hai jo hamare baju ke offline stores hote hai wo raat ke samay band ho jate hai par ecommerce websites kabhi band nahi hoti hai yah websites 24/7 open rahti hai aur isi wajah se ham jab chahe tab online shopping kar sakte hai.

5] Jyada Margin.

kam paiso ki lagat lagne se, jyada aur alag alag trah ke products ek hi jagah par milne se jyada customers aate hai aur jyada saman ki bikri hoti hai isse e commerce business me jyada margin milta hai.

6] Fast Payment Options.

ecommerce websites se saman lene ke liye aap electronic transaction ya mobile transaction ka use karke fast online payment kar sakte ho.

7] Products Duniya Bhar Me Kai Bhi Bech Sakte Hai.

sadharan dukano me sirf unke products and services ek sima tak hoti hai par online e commerce business me aap apne products ko pure duniya me kai par bhi bech sakte ho.

8] Kisi Bhi Jagah Se Order Kar Sakte Hai.

aap duniya me kisi bhi jagah se order kar sakte ho bas aapke paas internet connection hona chahiye aur kuch dino me aapka products aapke address tak pahucha diya jayega. jabki sadharan dukano me aapko khud jakar order karna padtha hai aur saman lana padta hai.

9] Cash o Delivery Option.

kai sari e commerce websites cash on delivery option offer karti hai yani jab aapko apna product mil jayega tab aap payment kar sakte ho. isme frod hone ka khatra kam hota hai.

10] Jyada Se Jyada Logo Ko Saman Bhechna.

ek sadharan dukan me dukandar 1 ya 10 customers ko hi apna saman bhech sakte hai par e commerce store me ek baar me unlimited customers ko saman becha ja sakta hai.

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E commerce Ke Nuksan Kya Hai

ecommerce ke jitne fayde hai utne nuksan bhi hai.

1] Fraud Hona.

kai baar aap jo online saman dekhte ho wo milta nahi hai. kai baar photo kisi branded products ki hoti hai aur order dene ke baad aapko local product de diya jata hai.

2] Low Quality Products.

product ko online listing karne se pahile koi testing nahi ki jati hai isliye kai baar hame low quality products mil jate hai.

3] Internet Ki Jarurat.

ecommerce website online work karti hai aur inpar se kuch order karne ke liye, hamare paas internet connection hona bahut jaruri hai kyoki iske bina ham product order nahi kar sakte hai.

4] Data Privacy Ka Hack Hona.

online saman kharidne ke liye hame online payment karna padta hai aur ham online transaction karne ke liye debit card, credit card, ki information online share karte hai aur yadi wo website fraud hui to aapke bank se paise bhi nikale ja sakte hai. ya aapki privacy information hack ki ja sakti hai. isliye kabhi bhi apni privacy information share karte waqut ecommerce websites par SSL Certificate hai ya nahi iska dhayan rakhiye, kyoki yah hamari privacy information ko encrypt kar deta hai aur yadi feature me kabhi koi website par hacking attack hota hai to hamari information secure rahti hai.

5] E commerce Websites Ko Use Karna.

sabhi e commerce websites se saman kharidne ka tarika thoda alag alag hota hai aur aapko yah aana chahiye ki kaise ecommerce websites par product order karte hai ? online payment kaise karte hai ? product cancel kaise karte hai ? ab yah to jaruri nahi hai ki sabko yah aata hoga.

India Ki Best Ecommerce Sites

vaise to aaj hajaro e commerce websites available hai par mai aapko india ki best ecommerce sites bata raha hu.

Flipkart

Founders : Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal.

Founded : October, 2007.

Amazon india

Founder : Jeff Bezos.

Founded : July, 1994.

Snapdeal

Founders : Kunal Bahl, Rohit Bansal.

Founded : February, 2010.

Ebay

Founder : Pierre Omidyar.

Founded : September, 1995.

Home shop 18

Founder : Sandeep Malhotra.

Founded : April, 2008.

Naptol

Founder : Manu Agarwal.

Founded : 2008.

Myntra

Founders : Mukesh Bansal, Vineet Saxena, Ashutosh Lawania.

Founded : 2007.

Quikr

Founders : Pranay Chulet, Jiby Thomas.

Founded : 2008.

Jabong

Founders : Arun Chandra Mohan, Praveen Sinha, Lakshmi Potluri, Manu Kumar Jain.

Founded : October, 2011.

Paytm Mall

Founder : Vijay Shekhar Sharma.

Founded : August, 2010.

yah india ke top, famous and best ecommerce sites.

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Best Ecommerce Plateform Konse Hai

1] Shopify

E commerce websites banane ke liye shopify sabse accha plateform mana jate hai iski suruwat 2004 me hui thi. par yah thoda mahnga hai yah 1900 Rs per month me aata hai.

2] Woocommerce

woocommerce yah bilkul free product hai ise wordpress ne banaya hai aur iske use karne ke liye aapke paas domain name and web hosting honi chahiye jisse aap cheap rate me asani se domain name provider and hosting provider companies se kharid sakte ho. aur wordpress install karke, woocommerce install and setup kar sakte ho.

mai woocommerce ke help se ecommerce website kaise banate hai ispar jaldhi post publish karuga.

3] Magento

magento ki suruwat 2008 me open source ecommerce software ke rup me hui thi magento hame marketing, search engine optimization and catalogo managment jaise etc tools provide karta hai par ise use karna thoda mushkil hai aur ise use karne ke liye aapke paas acchi knowledge honi chahiye. isse aap ek badi ecommerce website bhi handel kar sakte ho.

4] Bigcommerce

bigcommerce jaise naam se hi pata chalta hai ise thode bade store banane ke liye use kiya jata hai.

yadi aap bhi apna khud ka bada online store banana chahate ho to iski help le sakte ho.

5] Yokart

yokart ko specially startups and SMBs ke liye design kiya gaya hai. yokart ek turnkey hai aur yah amazon, ebay jaise multi vendor stores bhi bana sakta hai.

to yah the 5 best ecommerce plateform jise use karke aap apna e commerce websites banakar product sell karna start kar sakte ho. par inme sabse famous woocommerce hai. jo free bhi hai aur easy to use hai jise log jyada pasand karte hai aur aajke time me 28% se bhi jyada ecommerce websites woocommerce se chal rahi hai.

I hope ki aap samaj gaye hoge. E commerce kya hai? M commerce kya hai? e commerce websites kya hoti hai? e commerce ka itihas. india me ecommerce ki suruwat kaise hui,  ecommerce ke prakar kitne hai, ecommerce ke parts kitne hai, e commerce ke fayde aur nuksan kya hai, india ki best ecommerce sites, and best ecommerce plateform konse hai.

Yadi isme aapko kuch samaj nahi aa raha hai ya isme aur kuch ecommerce se related topics add karna ho to aap hame comments karke bata sakte ho.

Mai ummid karta hu, aapko post pasand aayi hongi post achhi lage to ise aap apne friends aur whatsapp, facebook par share jarur kijiye aapki help se kisi ki help ho sakti hai.

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